Indian Journal of Critical Disability Studies <p>The <em>Indian Journal of Critical Disability Studies</em> (InJCDS) is an open-source, online, international peer-reviewed journal published twice a year (January and July).</p> <p><em>InJCDS</em> focusses on bringing forth original research on disability issues that emerge from examining both the political and the personal aspects of individuals, collectives, and the systemic. <em>InJCDS</em> is interested in arguments against or in favour of the idea that both the universal and the specific are essential. <em>InJCDS</em> is especially keen on research highlighting the unavoidable intersectional dimensions of class, gender, caste, hemisphere (with a focus on south Asia), and technology in relation to disability. We encourage constant questioning of binaries, of categories, of foundational positions of others and ours. </p> <p><em>InJCDS</em> is the journal of Critical Disability Studies in India (CDSI) society that was founded in 2012 and has been organising intensive reading sessions in and around universities since then. </p> <p>Read more about the CDSI <a title="CDSI" href="">here</a>.</p> Critical Disability Studies in India Society en-US Indian Journal of Critical Disability Studies <p>Protected by CC by 4.0 </p> <p>Our public licenses are intended for use by those authorized to give the public permission to use material in ways otherwise restricted by copyright and certain other rights. Our licenses are irrevocable. Licensors should read and understand the terms and conditions of the license they choose before applying it. Licensors should also secure all rights necessary before applying our licenses so that the public can reuse the material as expected. Licensors should clearly mark any material not subject to the license. This includes other CC-licensed material, or material used under an exception or limitation to copyright</p> CONTENTS CDSI Copyright (c) 2021 CDSI 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 1 1 Introduction Copyright (c) 2021 Bhattacharya, Ghai, Atreja, Yadav, Santosh, Gulyani 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 1 1 2 11 Disability studies and human encounters <p>What does it mean to be human in 2020? How might disability help us answer this question? What knowledge is already out there – from scholarly studies of disability and the global politics of the disabled people’s movement – that we might draw upon to think again what it means to be human? And if one element of humanity is our desire to relate to and with one another, how might we extend our human relationships in these difficult geo-political times? Might we foreground disability as the driving subject in conceptualising and practicing our mutual engagements with one another during the current pandemic? These are just some of the questions we are trying to address in our interdisciplinary research centre dedicated to the study of the human at the University of Sheffield; iHuman. And these are questions that I will seek to tackle through this brief exposition of disability studies.</p> Dan Goodley Copyright (c) 2021 Goodley 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 1 1 12 21 Indian Contributions to Thinking about Studies in Ableism <p>The article suggests ways to foster quality and rigour in research production around ‘south Asian’ experiences. This project is fundamental from an ethical perspective in terms of undertaking quality and rigorous research publications, but also to challenge some common research practices amongst non-occidental and occidental scholars. Disability studies in the sub-continent needs to be critical of the uncritical reception of occidental critical disability studies into our realm, along with its scaffolding of conceptual formations such as ideas of Self–kin relations, agency, sexualities, identity politics, to name a few areas. The article first explores the idea of ‘south Asianess’ or indeed ‘Indian’ as a default, fictionalised space producing a monologue, due to colonisation and the ‘idea of the ‘captive mind’. Secondly, I provide an overview of the notion of ableism and its relation to systems of dehumanisation and identity. There is an interlude into examining caste and ableism and the re-emergence of scientific racism. The final section of the article turns toward aspects within Indian philosophical traditions that provide <em>new opportunities</em> for a distinctive Indian form of disability studies, namely heterodox argumentation and the strands of an integrative ethos.</p> Fiona Kumari Campbell Copyright (c) 2021 Campbell 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 1 1 22 40 Violence and Abuse through an Ability Studies Lens <p>This paper discusses violence and abuse through an ability studies lens. Ability studies investigates the social, cultural, legal, political, ethical and other considerations by which any given<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp; </span>ability expectations (it would be nice to have certain abilities) and ableism – the more severe form of ability expectation (certain abilities are seen as absolutely essential) hierarchies and preferences – come to pass, and the impact of such hierarchies and preferences. This paper pays homage to the work done by disabled activists and the academic field of disability studies on ableism but expands on the concept of ableism in various ways such as broadening it beyond disabled people to decrease the otherism disabled people experience. It also engages with the enabling use of ableism to make the concept more useful.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp; </span>We provide two tools, the BIAS FREE (Building an Integrative Analytical System For Recognizing and Eliminating in Equities) framework, a tool for identifying biases that originate from social hierarchies including ability-based social hierarchies and ability expectation exercises. Both these tools can be used with everyone such as students to unravel unrecognized, hidden or blatant AAs (Ability expectation and Ableism) and disablisms and enablisms linked to them. The paper concludes with a better and more systematic AA governance discourse, a mapping out of AA conflicts and a much bigger community of practice on AA governance.</p> Gregor Wolbring Copyright (c) 2021 Wolbring, Gregor 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 1 1 41 67 Notes on Contributors CDSI Copyright (c) 2021 Author; CDSI 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 1 1 Comments on 'Ahimsa and the ethics of caring: Gandhi’s spiritual experiments with truth via an idea of a vulnerable human body' <p>This is a commentary on a paper that was read during the 52<sup>nd</sup> reading group session of the <em>CDSI</em> (Critical Disability Studies in India) on 18<sup>th</sup> July 2020. The paper that was taken up was a slightly older manuscript version of the paper “Ahimsa and the ethics of caring: Gandhi’s spiritual experiments with truth via an idea of a vulnerable human body” by Hemachandran Karah, published in a volume titled <em>Disability, Avoidance and the Academy: Challenging resistance</em>, during the session are identified in different colours and by the name of the person who made the comment in square brackets right at the beginning of a particular comment. After incorporating all the relevant comments made by the group members, we sent the paper with comments to the author of the paper for their comments, to be published in the next issue of the journal. The version below therefore contains several interruptions/ interpretations by the members of the CDSI group.</p> CDSI Copyright (c) 2021 CDSI Members 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 1 1 77 93 Editorial Tanmoy Bhattacharya Ghai Anita Copyright (c) 2021 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 1 1 1 1 “Resetting” Extraction and Ableist, Colonial Pandemic Manifestations <div> <p class="Body">To understand extraction capital as what undergirds so much of the “global” in arts industries, and to understand this extraction as the ground on which ableism and colonialism (which continue apace and are interwoven) are built on, is to understand that “resetting the global” in light of COVID-19 is somewhat of a false moniker. And that the so-called “bugs” to overcome during this pandemic (genuinely no pun intended) form the basis of the system itself.</p> </div> Khairani Barokka Copyright (c) 2021 Barokka 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 1 1 68 70 The killing of Eyad Al-Hallaq by the Israeli border police on 30 May 2020 <p>An autistic body is a threat to the functioning of a neoliberal state. And as Israeli border police demonstrated on 30 May 2020, such a ‘late’ body with its impaired communication and social skills, is only fit to die. Eyad Al-Hallaq was not just ‘disabled’ by his autistic body but also by his racialised body. The ruthless Israeli border police therefore had no second thoughts before emptying out a bevy of bullets into this doubly disabled body of a 32-year-old Palestinian man.</p> Tanmoy Bhattacharya Copyright (c) 2021 Bhattacharya 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 1 1 71 76 10.6084/m9.figshare.13551347 The Beauty of Patterns Abhishek Anicca Copyright (c) 2021 Abhishek 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 1 1 94 103 Review of Anita Ghai's book 'Disability in South Asia: Knowledge and Experiences' <p>Ghai, Anita (ed.) (2018).</p> <div><em>Disability in South Asia: Knowledge and Experiences</em></div> C. Raghava Reddy Copyright (c) 2021 Reddy 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 1 1 104 109 The Inauguration of a burgeoning discourse Annavaram N. Copyright (c) 2021 Annavaram 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 1 1 109 115 Building with Care: <p>The two-day event had a very well thought-out line-up of ten speakers who ranged from art historians, art critics, curators to practicing artists, like David Dibosa (art historian/ critic), Juliet Jacques (writer/journalist), Khairani Barokka (artist), Bárbara Rodríguez Muñoz (curator), Rehana Zaman (artist), Neo Sinoxolo Musangi (artist), Larne Abse-Gogarty (art history), Marina Vishmidt (writer, editor, critic), Robert McRuer (disability scholar), and Jade Montserrat (artist/ writer). However, this review will not touch upon all the content but only those issues will be highlighted that in some way or other are relevant to disability research and activism. Furthermore, the presentation by Barokka has been reproduced in full in the Provocations section of his journal (see pp. 68-70).</p> Tanmoy Bhattacharya Copyright (c) 2021 Author; CDSI 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 1 1 116 120 10.6084/m9.figshare.13551338